Because of Turkey’s location on top of a major geothermal belt, it is among in the top seven countries in the world for quality and quantity of thermal springs with over 1000, with temperatures ranging from 20ºC to 110ºC. Most are in the Marmara and Aegean regions and because of their proximity to popular travel destinations such as Istanbul, Izmir, Pamukkale and Marmaris, public transport is easy. Many of Turkey’s historical places developed because of their springs, like the ancient city of Hieropolis which was built upon the rich mineral springs of Pamukkale, and the ancient Lydian city of Kaunos, whose people took baths in the rich mineral mud of Lake Koycegiz.
A visit to Turkey would not be complete without a stop at one of the country’s better known spas, whether to treat a health -problem or simply to luxuriate in the soothing waters of natural mineral baths.
A stop at one of the spas described here can easily be added to a tour of Turkey’s most famous destinations.
The health-giving properties of Turkey’s natural hot springs have been renowned since antiquity.
Highly recommended for their thermal spring facilities are the following spas listed by province:
Afyon: Omer Gecek (Sandikli)
Ankara: Kizilcahamam, Ayas, Haymana
Bolu: Buyuk Kaplica
Bursa: Cekirge, Oylat
Denizli: Pamukkale, Karahayit
Izmir: Balcova, Cesme, Sifne
Kutahya: Yoncali, Harlek
Samsun: Ladik, Havza
Yalova: Yalova Termal, Armutlu